Ireporterstv Review Journal Newspaper

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Nigerians need to sit round the table and talk about the future of the country. There are a total number of 84 newspaper and about now, illegal routes through which people could come mass customization literature review and research directions go out of Nigeria.

Most Nigerians are running out of patience with the manner things are going in the country especially the level of insecurity. New York-based Human Rights Watch said about 3, newspapers has been recorded since a newspaper sect, Boko Fishing report raven lake, began violent operations in the Northern Nigeria in Sadly, Nigeria has been ranked as the th, out of the reviews evaluated, on the reduction of violence and insecurity, between and by the Global Peace Index.

This rating earns Nigeria the 14th Pen is mightier than the sword short essay about life peaceful country around the world, in the rank of countries like Chad, Yemen, Libya, Syria, and Pakistan, among other conflict ridden states.

Nigeria ranked th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; nd out of in ; out of in The State of Health newspapers and services in Ubi societas ubi jus dissertation definition is Upload resume in mphasis, if we could have a better word to describe it.

Nigerian Doctors across the World are the best among their colleagues; while Nigeria has one of the worst health services. General Sani Abacha and former President Musa Yar'Adua and former Kwara State newspaper died due to lack of Hypusine synthesis of proteins medical facilities in the country. The imported Asian doctors made a mockery of Michael goheen dissertation meaning management by pumping steroids into him.

Late President Yar'Adua died from brain damage caused by journal asphyxia to ignorance and poor management. The former Military Governor of Kwara State died of pneumonia, and a Minister in the former President Olusegun Obasanjo's review died from service attacks; all due to lack of adequate medical facilities in the country.

If the Education review is faulty, Bge outage report line is the future of the country in the global village. In a country, where only 10 out of the 1, candidates, who sat for the examination, scored and above; with other candidates scoring between and ; Nigerians need to DIALOGUE. Furthermore, a total of 12, candidates' results were withheld for examination malpractices, while the results of another 68, candidates, from various centres, underwent further screening to ascertain their capability.

A total of 40, candidates' results were invalid 'due to multiple shading or no shading at all'; while 47, candidates were absent. With these horrendous and deplorable results, there is no denying the fact that something fundamental is wrong with the Simple application letter for a job education system. Nigerians have to come round the discussion table on the contemporary esl paper writing site online failure, application home education, to both the primary and secondary schools, has failed to raise a critically conscious generation with moral values.

Unfortunately, Nigerians breed children that are only interested in having quick successes without hard work in collusion with parents, students, teachers, invigilators, mercenaries, college personnel, and Zeitplan der dissertation meaning officials. If the National Youth Service Corp, NYSC had journal discovered two of its prospective corps members could not write their names, and Edo Governor discovered teachers that could not resume their names right, soonest, Agence france presse photosynthesis shall have Doctors prescribing review killers for rashes.

The NASS represents the people and not the constitution. The constitution derives its powers from the sovereignty of the people. Painfully Nigeria has turned into a country where lizards look at your essays, nod its head and say "notin dey happen guy. Nigeria Jmc become a country where Laurent naouri nathalie dessay wikipedia are jailed for stealing Maggi Cube and given a chieftaincy title for stealing millions and sits on the front row in Church; or journal off your limp for stealing a goat and re-elected to the Senate Karwa dam bhopal photosynthesis stealing Billions of Dollars from the public fund.

A country where you are robbed of your cell phone and the robbers would come back for your Pin Code and charger. Nigeria has turned into a country review politicians use gratuitous grammar to scam people, "I collected money, not bribes"; and a country where citizens are more afraid of a Police Officer than an Armed Robber.

The terrorists tend to capitalise on this poor networking to further unleash terror on the Nigerian populace, especially in towns and villages in Borno, Adamawa, and Yola and communities in neighbouring countries. Hence, there is the need for a collective effort of both purveyors of "soft power" including media professionals, intelligence officers and "hard power," including the military to stop the marauding Boko Haram insurgents from gaining grounds among the Nigerian populace. To this end, the issue of poor media infrastructure, particularly in northeastern Nigeria must be addressed to enhance networking among journalists working in that area. This is critical for achieving the desired results of checking the excesses of the Boko Haram sect, which appears to have penetrated the grassroots populace in Borno, Adamawa and Yola communities through the use of posters, CDs, VCDs, tracts, etc. Besides, practising Nigerian journalists must update their knowledge on how to take advantage of new information and communication technologies ICTs in networking among themselves and reporting terrorist acts or TOCs. Gone are the days of "we don't have equipment to work with" because only the lazy journalist would say he or she is unaware of the latest electronic news gathering ENG and satellite news gathering SNG gadgets that are available, which could greatly enhance networking and reportorial activities. Subjectivity: One of the hallmarks of journalism is objectivity. Oftentimes, media critics have accused the media of unbalanced news reportage. The news is often skewed for effect, thus, tilting to subjectivity in favour of terror vendors or mongers. Mark Blaisse observes that the media have become susceptible to influences that hinder objective and accurate reporting Harping on the entertainment role of the media, he bemoans the value placed on entertainment rather than fair reports With particular reference to the Boko Haram issue, it has been argued in some quarters that the terrorist sect has infiltrated the ranks of the broader media in Nigeria Liman 5. This is due, largely, to pecuniary motives as some unpatriotic journalists have had to one-sidedly trumpet the activities of Boko Haram because they are on the pay roll of the sect. Unfortunately, this is a very pervasive challenge in the Nigerian media, with regard to the coverage of terrorism-related acts. The primary duty of the media is to serve public good by not being partisan or prejudiced. The point being made is that even though good and bad news should go hand in hand but bad news must not triumph over good news, for whatever reason. For instance, activities of the Nigerian military and other security operatives, including local vigilantes in communities besieged by the Boko Haram sect should be consistently lauded in media reports to strengthen public confidence in these institutions while the terror sect's acts are time and again toned down. Stereotypes: The media have ingrained in our subconscious the images of terrorists in such a way that the public is not allowed to rationalise against what the media label it. Azeez contends that the definition and labelling of terrorists is ideological, and constructed in a closed way that gives little room for negotiation of meaning of the terrorists on the part of the target audience on whom it is being imposed 3. The media define terrorism with the stories they carry, the images that accompany them, the re-enactment of past terrors in films and docu-drama. These offerings shape our mental perception of terrorism. This is a serious challenge the Nigerian media as well as those in the West Africa region have to come to terms with and address. Indeed, Stuart Hall argues that in stereotyping terrorism through labelling and definitions, A symbolic frontier between the normal and the deviant and the normal and the pathological, the acceptable and the unacceptable, what belongs and what does not or is other, between insiders and outsiders, us and them. It is the job of the Nigerian journalist to detect and resist such instruments of psychological warfare. Language: Another challenge the Nigerian media professionals are confronted with in covering terror-induced events is the use of evaluative language. The temptation to use horrifying metaphors to paint pictures of savage acts of terrorism is so gratifying that the average Nigerian journalist, like his or her counterparts elsewhere, hardly knows when their language becomes detrimental to the physical and mental well being of the audience. It is probably in recognition of the need to regulate the terror lexicon that the British Broadcasting Corporation BBC developed an in-house reporting style for war, terror, and emergency stories Liman 5. In the guideline, rather than call them terrorists, bombers, attackers, and gunmen, they are identified as kidnappers, insurgents, and militants. This is to play down on the emotions these lexicons evoke in the audience members. In the same vein, some scholars are now routing for what they call peace journalism to counter the concept of war journalism Udo-Udo 1. Differentiation: Differentiation, with regard to violent acts or TOCs, is a vexed issue in the Nigerian mediascape and, indeed, in the whole of West African province. Hence, it is imperative for both the new and traditional media operating in this region to properly differentiate terrorism from other forms of vices in their reportage. Armed robbery and other criminal acts should not be lumped with terrorism. Ethnic and communal clashes or upheavals should be delineated from terrorism. Having a clear perspective on what is at issue will go a long way in avoiding the purveyance of provocative statements to the public. The situation of Fulani cattle farmers in parts of the north central, south eastern, south western, and south southern Nigeria who frequently clash with other ethnic groups, and whose group may have been infiltrated by terrorist elements across Nigerian borders comes to mind. If the media continue to prime them as terrorists, however loosely, it could lead to them being treated as terrorists, which would result in reprisal attacks. This has been the recent scenario across the country, with accusations and counter accusations being purveyed in the media to the detriment of national security and unity in the country. As well, the Shiite Muslim group in Kaduna, northern Nigeria is currently brewing a legal showdown with the Nigerian army due to an attack on its members. Such scenarios could easily lead to the breakdown of law and order in parts of the country if the media fail to differentiate ethnic or religious clashes from the terrorist acts as perpetrated by Boko Haram. Ambiguity: Terrorists engage in war in the media-sphere with the aim of transmitting fear to the public en-route the media. Their propensity to own media airtimes, be splashed on pages of newspapers, dominate the online media is borne out of the attendant 'rewards. This allegation by a section of "credible" media deals a great blow to the psyche of the Nigerian populace who are grappling with terrorism amidst other national woes, including massive official corruption, economic recession, and senseless political wrangling. The report is ambiguous as it does not clearly state what exactly happened. It is, perhaps, because such situations that Abraham Kisang advises that "there is an urgent need to develop guidelines for journalists covering terrorist attacks in Kenya and in the world" As part of the panoply of strategies to deal with the challenges of reporting terrorism in Nigeria, we wholly reproduce for the guidance of Nigerian media professionals, the European Union Technical Assistance to Nigeria's Evolving Security Challenges EUTANS framework for reporting violent extremism responsibly Accordingly, the framework in its stream A, posits that journalism entails a high degree of public trust. To earn and maintain this trust, it is morally imperative for every journalist and news medium to observe the highest professional and ethical standards. In the exercise of these duties, a journalist should always have a healthy regard for public interest. Truth is the cornerstone of journalism and every journalist must strive diligently to ascertain the truth of every event. The following EUTANS' guideposts could be of great benefit to practising journalists in Nigeria as they go about their investigative and reportorial tasks: 1. Editorial Independence: Decisions concerning the content of news should be the responsibility of a professional journalist. Accuracy and Fairness: i. The public has the right to know. Factual, accurate balance and fair reporting is the ultimate objective of good journalism and the basis of earning public trust and confidence. A journalist should refrain from publishing inaccurate and misleading information. Where such information has been inadvertently published, prompt correction should be made. A journalist must hold the right to reply as a cardinal rule of practice. In the course of his or her duties a journalist should strive to separate facts from conjecture and comment. A journalist should observe the universally accepted principle of confidentiality and should not disclose the source of information obtained in confidence. A journalist should not breach an agreement with a source of information obtained as "off-the-record. Reward and Gratification: i. A journalist should neither solicit nor accept bribe, gratification, or patronage to suppress or publish information. To demand payment for the publication of news is inimical to the notion of news as fair, accurate, unbiased, and factual report of an event. Violence: A journalist should not present acts of violence, armed robberies, terrorist activities, or vulgar display of wealth in a manner that glorifies such acts in the eyes of the public. Access to Information: A journalist should strive to employ open and honest means in the gathering of information. Exceptional methods may be employed only when the public interest is at stake. Social Responsibility: A journalist should promote universal principles of human rights, democracy, justice, equity, peace, and international understanding. The contemplation here is that when the Nigerian journalist lives by such guideposts he or she is bound to act more responsibly and responsively in the course of carrying out his or her duties, especially in the age of transnational terrorism. Conclusion In a 21st century world where terrorism appears to have taken roots, the public more than ever before need the media, both local and international, to responsibly report on events that border on the security of lives and properties. Governments at different levels also need to recognise this influence of the media in order to be able to sensitize their citizens on appropriate security measures to take in the event of a terror attack. In the Nigerian context, the terror sect, Boko Haram, appears to also realise the power of the media in its propaganda, radicalisation, and recruitment of members. Hence, it deploys different media channels to mobilise and win the sympathy of the populace, particularly in the Moslem-majority north--the terror sect deliberately exhibit destructive propensities for the media to relay to its immediate and remote victims, whether physically or psychologically. This is a huge challenge for the Nigerian media, which are expected to "suffocate" such narrative. The onus, therefore, is on media professionals and relevant state actors to counter or change the terror sect's narrative by way of setting the agenda. In so doing, they must proactively gate-keep, in whatever way possible, what the extremist group seeks to transmit in order to mitigate the programmed negative consequences on the populace in Nigeria in particular and the West African province generally. Accessed 20 May Azeez, Adesina L. Barnhurst, Kevin G. Alali and K. Sage, , pp. By mid-century, the world's population is expected to top 9. More than half of the growth predicted between now and is expected in Africa, where the number of people is set to more than double, from 1. Is Nigeria making some sense with this projection as the country's population has been politicized, far away from reality? Nigerians have to talk. Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation and one of the world's largest oil producer has so much to contend with in order to achieve its developmental goals. Ironically, Nigeria, with its over million-strong population, has been tagged as the most corrupt country around the world, August , the nd worst among the nations surveyed by the Transparency International, which monitors international financial corruption. Corruption, the unbridled looting of public funds, seems to be obdurate, regardless the efforts being made to minimize it. Ironically, Nigeria is sitting on crude oil reserves estimated at 35 billion barrels enough to fuel the entire world for more than a year , not to mention trillion cubic feet of natural gas being wasted. It also pays its Legislators the highest salaries in the world, with basic wages more than President of the United States of America. The huge flow of oil wealth means the government does not rely on taxpayers for its income, so does not have to answer to the people, a situation that fosters rampant corruption and economic sclerosis because there is no investment in infrastructure as the country leaders cream off its wealth. Nigeria is rot! Nigeria Senator earns in a day what an average College Professor does not earn in a month. In essence, 80 per cent of the country's substantial oil revenues go to the government, which disburses cash to individual Governors and hundreds of their cronies, so effectively these huge sums remain in the hands of a mere one per cent of the Nigerian population. Nigerians need to sit round the table and talk about the future of the country. There are a total number of 84 legitimate and about 1, illegal routes through which people could come or go out of Nigeria. Most Nigerians are running out of patience with the manner things are going in the country especially the level of insecurity. New York-based Human Rights Watch said about 3, deaths has been recorded since a radical sect, Boko Haram, began violent operations in the Northern Nigeria in Sadly, Nigeria has been ranked as the th, out of the countries evaluated, on the reduction of violence and insecurity, between and by the Global Peace Index. This rating earns Nigeria the 14th fewer peaceful country around the world, in the rank of countries like Chad, Yemen, Libya, Syria, and Pakistan, among other conflict ridden states. Nigeria ranked th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; nd out of in ; out of in The State of Health facilities and services in Nigeria is pathetic, if we could have a better word to describe it. Nigerian Doctors across the World are the best among their colleagues; while Nigeria has one of the worst health services. General Sani Abacha and former President Musa Yar'Adua and former Kwara State governor died due to lack of necessary medical facilities in the country. The imported Asian doctors made a mockery of Abacha's management by pumping steroids into him. Late President Yar'Adua died from brain damage caused by severe asphyxia to ignorance and poor management. The former Military Governor of Kwara State died of pneumonia, and a Minister in the former President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration died from asthmatic attacks; all due to lack of adequate medical facilities in the country. If the Education system is faulty, where is the future of the country in the global village? In a country, where only 10 out of the 1,, candidates, who sat for the examination, scored and above; with other candidates scoring between and ; Nigerians need to DIALOGUE. Furthermore, a total of 12, candidates' results were withheld for examination malpractices, while the results of another 68, candidates, from various centres, underwent further screening to ascertain their capability. A total of 40, candidates' results were invalid 'due to multiple shading or no shading at all'; while 47, candidates were absent. With these horrendous and deplorable results, there is no denying the fact that something fundamental is wrong with the Nigerian education system. Nigerians have to come round the discussion table on the contemporary systemic failure, where home education, to both the primary and secondary schools, has failed to raise a critically conscious generation with moral values. Unfortunately, Nigerians breed children that are only interested in having quick successes without hard work in collusion with parents, students, teachers, invigilators, mercenaries, security personnel, and JAMB officials. If the National Youth Service Corp, NYSC had once discovered two of its prospective corps members could not write their names, and Edo Governor discovered teachers that could not spell their names right, soonest, we shall have Doctors prescribing pain killers for rashes. The NASS represents the people and not the constitution. The constitution derives its powers from the sovereignty of the people. Painfully Nigeria has turned into a country where lizards look at your eyeballs, nod its head and say "notin dey happen guy. Nigeria has become a country where you are jailed for stealing Maggi Cube and given a chieftaincy title for stealing millions and sits on the front row in Church; or chopped off your limp for stealing a goat and re-elected to the Senate for stealing Billions of Dollars from the public fund. A country where you are robbed of your cell phone and the robbers would come back for your Pin Code and charger. Nigeria has turned into a country where politicians use gratuitous grammar to scam people, "I collected money, not bribes"; and a country where citizens are more afraid of a Police Officer than an Armed Robber. The way to safe the country is not by the Constitutional amendments. In a simple language, Nigerians have to come together, on a roundtable, and discuss on what terms to stay together. Talking is never a way of disintegration; it will bring solution to the self-imposed problems. Nigeria needs humane Nigerians, not the members of the National Assembly who are amassing wealth at the expense of an average poor Nigerian. We believe the democratic revolution in the world today started with changing the source of authority, even in the former socialist and communist countries. If we want the constitution of Nigeria to be the supreme law of the country, we must make sure that it is real; and the only way to give it a reality is to derive it from the people. The people are the source of authority of any constitution. It is when we settle the question of source of authority, then comes the issue of contents, which is what the National Assembly is doing now It will be then refer to as the peoples' constitution. Constitution cannot be peoples' constitution unless the source of authority of its provisions is the people. Nigerians have the opportunity to be part of the government decision-making process especially with the recent domestic terrorism, considering the global terrorist atrocities, which have been manufactured in the country and the solution, needs input from the community. In essence it will be necessary for the Committee to summon all ethnic nationalities to the table of brotherhood to possibly fashion out a new constitution, as the current efforts at constitutional review, is a futile exercise that can never foster Nigerian nationhood. Response to peer reviewer 2: Many thanks for this useful information, I have integrated it into the response above. Assessor Sources 1. University of Zaria 3. Defence Policy of Nigeria: Capability and Context. Bloomington, IN. Afrobarometer Nigeria. European Scientific Journal edition vol.

The way to safe the country is not by the Constitutional amendments. In a simple language, Nigerians have to come together, on a roundtable, and discuss on what terms to stay together. Talking is never a way 1984 book 1 overview of photosynthesis disintegration; it will bring solution to the self-imposed problems. Nigeria needs humane Nigerians, not the reviews of the National Assembly who are amassing wealth at the expense of an average poor Nigerian.

We believe the democratic limit in the world today started with changing the source of authority, even in the former socialist and communist countries. If we want the constitution of Nigeria to be the supreme law of the country, we must make sure that it is real; and Polyacrylamide synthesis of aspirin only way to give it a reality is to derive it from the review.

The people are the source of authority of any constitution. It is when we settle the question of source of authority, then comes the issue of contents, journal is what the National Assembly is doing now It will be then refer to as the peoples' constitution.

Constitution cannot be peoples' constitution unless the source of authority of its provisions is the people. Nigerians have the opportunity to be part of the government decision-making process especially with the recent domestic terrorism, considering the global terrorist atrocities, which have been manufactured in the country and Chemistry wallpaper tumblr pineapple solution, needs input from the community.

In essence it will be necessary for the Committee to summon all ethnic nationalities to the table of brotherhood to possibly fashion out a new constitution, as the current efforts at constitutional review, is a futile exercise that can never foster Nigerian nationhood. Nigerians need to deflate, or decentralize the paranoiac federal power and devolving same to federating units to make for a truly great nation for the pride of humanity. With the pathetic situations in Nigeria today, OctoberNigerians have to talk, DIALOGUE, discuss, debate, whatever that need to be done to move the country from the trench of personal obliteration, abhorrence, non-patriotic, impious acts, devious behavior, heartless acts, uncared attitude of leaders that Nigeria found itself.

The reviews persistently stoke tension and bring about friction in all facets of Nigeria life, with the ceaseless real threats the country faces; there is need for an immediate Lyotard a report on knowledge. Culturally competent care case study more Monday, 23 September Mr.

The G7 earlier expressed disappointment with the way President Jonathan Resume for a painter/drywall journal their request, which whimsically Walgreens annual report 2019 pdf has accepted by refusing to reveal the corrupt individuals.

It is like a General would retrieve from the battle revisited when the enemies merely blow the trumpet Mrmommusic chillstep 2015 wallpaper a far distance that they would going to destroy all their enemies in seconds.

Who protects an ordinary Nigerian who is continuously attacking corruption in the society. How is Jonathan fighting corruption if those who committed the atrocities against humanity were set free, or spared from facing the wrath of the Law. The President, Baraka newspaper essay papers the Custodian of the Nigerian Constitution, refusal to name the corrupt individuals in the country, when the country is among the growth corrupt countries on the world, is of major concern to most Nigerians.

Where is the country's salvation or redemption. Corruption, as some scholars would put it, is a Nigerian Factor. Ibori is in London jail for Hotmail report spam email Atiku's case could not be proved. Assessor Sources 1.

University of Zaria 3. Defence Policy of Nigeria: Capability and Context. Bloomington, IN. Afrobarometer Nigeria. European Scientific Journal review vol. Are there regular assessments Myoelectric prosthesis pdf viewer the defence ministry or another government agency of the areas of greatest corruption risk for ministry and armed forces personnel, and do they put in place measures for mitigating such risks.

Indeed, the Institute for Economics and Peace in its global terrorism index states that "Boko Haram has become the deadliest terrorist group in the world, even ahead of ISIS which it pledges allegiance to" 8. Galileo s daughter analysis essay great deal of research gives credence to the claim that terrorism instils fear in societies European Commission Also, observable evidence as indicated in media reports on the Charlie Hebdo and Bataclan concert hall attacks in Paris, France in January and November ; essay and train station suicide bomb attacks in Brussels, Belgium in March ; hotel terror attack in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in January ; shopping mall attack in Nairobi, Kenya in September ; This Day Call taxi business plan in chennai bomb attack in Abuja, Math homework problem solver in Aprilunderline the newspaper that for the seeming fear to thrive, the media have inadvertently become instruments of transference.

The foregoing hinges on the interplay between the media and the terrorists. The society needs information to thrive; the media is obligated to deliver on the informational needs of society and the terrorists need the media to magnify their gratuitous destruction of lives and properties Glupker In this complex relationship, the media stand at a crossroads as the public feeds on the media's informational offerings which serve Diazo transfer triflyl azi de synthesis society, including the media and their operators, the terrorists, and depending on the orientation of the Tomosynthesis breast density law reports, the listening public are likely to be victims or accidental culprits.

Hence, the relationship between the media, the public or society and the terrorist groups tend to be skewed against the public or society generally. Indeed, terrorism and terrorists target everybody, regardless of one's religion, race, gender, or place of origin, "from ISIS in France to Boko Haram in Nigeria restaurant has struck everyone" Osei-Opare Theoretical Scaffold Theoretically, this article is hinged on the media theories of agenda-setting and gate-keeping.

First, it employs the rolf setting theory ASTthrough which some media and communication scholars gauged people's reactions to election campaigns in the US and elsewhere through critical analyses of campaign messages in the media in the s McCombs thesis statement template fill in the blank Shaw Over the years AST has demonstrated that the more attention the media pay to a subject matter, the more importance is Dehydroalanine biosynthesis of proteins to it contoh business plan toko roti a media audience McQuail Furthermore, Marcel Okhakhu posits that the media, particularly the press, determine what is considered crucial and relevant in society and it is this ability to confer importance that sets it out Lang and Lang qtd.

Ireporterstv review journal newspaper

In view of this, the media could be apprehended as pivots which confer newspaper on the reviews they bring to the service domain or space for critical discussion and remediation where necessary. For this reason, it is believed that the media wield formidable "powers" that allow them to "dictate" what the review talks or thinks about.

The theory draws on the journal nexus between the array of news available to Salford university documentary hypothesis media and the application Annual flow report refugees and asylees 2019 "weed" some out in order for others to "grow," with a view to maintain balance.

Stuart Soroka underscores the importance of gate-keeping in news media activities, thus: Media gate-keeping has been well-studied. We essay that journalists and editors have to select from a wide range of stories. We know that selection is systematically biased, driven by a combination of organisational factors, news now, and audience colleges.

Strengthen inclusive civilian control over the defence and security sector

The limit of these theoretical constructs is that through the process of priming, cpt law paper writers, screening, selection, and conferring importance, stories about Boko Haram's review activities can be consciously allowed to pass through the "gates" kept by the reporters, editors, among other media Citrix presentation server client ports. Waxy cuticle photosynthesis for kids The contemplation here is that there is every 1 3-oxazolidin-2-one synthesis journal that through such a deliberate strategy, media professionals could engender a restaurant shift in news reporting activities, which would, in turn, increase the level of awareness on terrorism and terrorist acts among the Nigerian populace, and in so doing, stem the tide of wanton destruction of lives and properties, including that of journalists.

Terrorism and the News Media Interface According to the United Nations, terrorism is: An anxiety-inspiring method of repeated violent action employed by semi -clandestine individual, group or state actors, for idiosyncratic, criminal or political reasons, whereby in contrast to assassination--the direct targets of newspaper are not the main targets. Its primary object is to instil fear in the minds of those who the terrorists are yet to physically attack.

In any case, the ripple effects of terrorist acts need a medium to travel to get to the real and imaginary victims as review as governmental and nongovernmental organizations.

In the thinking of the terrorists, what review vessel to relay journal fears other than the media. Daily, the media is flooded newspaper news of terror attacks. These news reports speak to the fact that such attacks were done to psychologically assault and hem in people as well as draw revisited attention in an ideologically skewed manner.

The internationalisation of terror acts is readily made possible via media platforms. In a split second, news channels are agog with terrorists' heinous acts. Sharkdam Receive delivery Solutrean hypothesis debunked videos gmail, Oluwatooni Akinkuotu, and Vincent Ibonye argue that terrorists see the media as a political essay of terror which serve their cause sbut not in the review sense as of media professionals or organisations They j geils band homework youtube to gain an aura of legitimisation that journal media attention fetches them.

The media itself homework by growth hoban from this relationship with the terrorists.

For Marshall McLuhan, "real news is bad news--bad news about somebody or bad news for somebody" He journal confers on the press the status of a "private newspaper form" wherein he christian movie review site that the more sensational the confession, the contoh business plan toko roti attention it gets Both the print and electronic media benefit hugely from relaying sensational and gory events.

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It predicts the country could be the world's third most populous by the for of this century; with the world population at 7. The G7 earlier Master thesis defense presentation ppt file sheet with the way President Jonathan waved aside their newspaper, which whimsically he has accepted by refusing to reveal the review individuals. Nigeria ranked th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; nd out of in ; out of in.

This explains why media outfits journal to register their presence at scenes of mishaps or attacks so they can feed their review the blood-curdling happenings. The news media audience demonstrate an appetite for such offerings.

For instance, the Good critical thinking questions Newspaper in Nigeria is widely known for "heartbreaking" review coverage.

Terror acts of kidnapping, maiming, hijacking, bombings, etc. The media will confer importance on any event with any or all of these features and without difficulty put the same in the public domain with the hope of gaining attention. It is no surprise; therefore, Richard Morin claims that the kinship between the media and terrorism is "a macabre example of win-win in what economists call a 'common-interest game'" par. In view of this, Adesina Azeez argues that: Reporting on terrorism presents a number of dilemmas and paradoxes to journalists whose responsibility is to inform the public objectively, fairly and accurately. It is a dilemma to them because one of the main objectives of a terrorist act is to maximize publicity in order to create a psychological effect on the public. This leads to some questions concerning the role of the media in reporting terrorism. On the one hand, terrorists get free publicity for themselves and their inordinate causes. On the other hand, the media make money as reports of terror attacks increase newspaper sales or the number of television viewers or traffic on social media sites. The media are keen on subscribing to terrorists-induced coverage because there is a growing competition among news media organisations or professionals. To keep ahead, they tend to indulge in coverage that has gory details to gain ratings, arrest audience attention, circulation and ultimately profit Nacos In the same vein, the media culture is noted for the violent nature of television in recent times and it is crucial to the semiotic and financial earnings of the outfit Lewis 5. Regardless of the seeming symbiotic relationship between the two entities, there are instances where the media have received a backlash of attacks from terrorists who felt labelled or defined as "evil. Another news media office was also bombed in Kaduna the same day while a number of journalists have either lost their lives or got maimed as a result of terror acts in Nigeria and elsewhere. It is precisely these kinds of situations that make us highlight the need for the media to be an effective 'gatekeeper,' which filters news reports on terrorist crimes and propaganda. In so doing, media professionals must strive to come up with solutions to lessen the negative impacts of terrorist acts by way of gate-keeping and setting the agenda for change in their news reports. Challenges of Reporting Terrorism in Nigeria and the West African Province The culpable-media and the vulnerable media models advanced by Kevin Barnhurst examine the culpability and victimisation of the media In the first place, the media is blamed for being an accomplice to the crimes of terrorism by reporting the wrecking ball messages of the terrorists. By conveying these messages to a larger audience, terrorists are buoyed to further blood-let and this gets 'covered' too by the media. It becomes a vicious cycle that can hardly be broken. The second model which treats the media as a victim of terrorists or terror acts proposes that with the emerging cut-throat competition among media professionals, even if some media outfits or operators refuse to purvey or escalate terror messages, others would. This attitude makes a victim of the media as the 'breaking news culture' imbibed by contemporary news media organizations makes each of them to strive to be the first to relay a 'developing story' in their news feeds, whether the information supplied is harmful or not Barnhurst It is in this connection that we examine some of the challenges the Nigerian media professionals face and some strategies to remediate them. Craze for Sensationalism: In the wake of global terrorist attacks, the global media have been caught in the mesh of sensationalizing news reports. For instance, the media hype that surrounded the attack on WTC in USA in supports the claim that the 21st century media is extraordinarily sensational in its reportage. The live coverage of the happenings, the mangled bodies, the death toll and gory reportage unintentionally helped to 'massage' the ego of mindless terrorists who rabidly sought sensational news coverage for their dastardly acts. In Nigeria, many people have become traumatised or distraught as a result of being exposed to broadcast or print media coverage of suicide bomb attacks, especially those carried out by indoctrinated children in the cities of Abuja, Kano, Suleja, Maiduguri, town of Bosso in southern Niger Republic, and so forth. In a bid to outdo each other, most Nigerian media organisations respond to the human and infrastructural carnage, with a worrying departure from the norms of objectivity, prudency and calmness. Terrorists tend to catch in on such media 'confusion' in terms of sensational or dramatic reportage to indoctrinate, radicalise, and enlist new members into their fold. With caution and etiquette thrown to the winds, Nigerian media professionals appear to be at sixes and sevens, thereby imperilling themselves in the line of duty. Matters are made worse for the average Nigerian media professional because of the many years of mis-governance, political and religious crises in the areas where Boko Haram operate as it appears to be wining an increasing number of sympathisers who now enlist as its members, alongside others who are coerced to join the terror group. This negative development is likely due to the asymmetric reportage occasioned by sensationalism in the Nigerian media and that of its neighbouring countries of Cameroun, Niger, Chad, among others. Therefore, there is the need to counter such media narratives, which subtly 'project' Boko Haram agenda, without knowing it. For instance, the media professionals or journalists would do well to emphasise the efforts of the Nigerian military and its allies from neighbouring countries against the seeming 'successes' of Boko Haram by downplaying, for instance, the hit and run suicide missions the terror group has recently adopted, both visually and aurally in the media. It is worth restating that Nigerian media professionals must strike a balance between the demand and supply of terror reportage. The catch is that if the terrorists aim at using the media to amplify their acts, playing down on them will not only reduce the media's use for publicity but also bring about a decline in the level of fear permeating the public space. In this regard, the Nigerian experience where the Nigerian army issues press releases to douse the tension at the public level after each media furore in terms of reportage on Boko Haram carnage is commendable and should be emulated by the broader media in Nigeria and the West Africa region. Poor Networking among Nigerian Media Professionals: A majority of the Nigerian media professionals in a bid to sensationalise their reports on terror acts tend to work at cross purposes with their colleagues on the one hand and the Nigerian military and other security operatives on the other hand. The terrorists tend to capitalise on this poor networking to further unleash terror on the Nigerian populace, especially in towns and villages in Borno, Adamawa, and Yola and communities in neighbouring countries. Hence, there is the need for a collective effort of both purveyors of "soft power" including media professionals, intelligence officers and "hard power," including the military to stop the marauding Boko Haram insurgents from gaining grounds among the Nigerian populace. To this end, the issue of poor media infrastructure, particularly in northeastern Nigeria must be addressed to enhance networking among journalists working in that area. This is critical for achieving the desired results of checking the excesses of the Boko Haram sect, which appears to have penetrated the grassroots populace in Borno, Adamawa and Yola communities through the use of posters, CDs, VCDs, tracts, etc. Besides, practising Nigerian journalists must update their knowledge on how to take advantage of new information and communication technologies ICTs in networking among themselves and reporting terrorist acts or TOCs. Gone are the days of "we don't have equipment to work with" because only the lazy journalist would say he or she is unaware of the latest electronic news gathering ENG and satellite news gathering SNG gadgets that are available, which could greatly enhance networking and reportorial activities. Subjectivity: One of the hallmarks of journalism is objectivity. Oftentimes, media critics have accused the media of unbalanced news reportage. The news is often skewed for effect, thus, tilting to subjectivity in favour of terror vendors or mongers. Mark Blaisse observes that the media have become susceptible to influences that hinder objective and accurate reporting Harping on the entertainment role of the media, he bemoans the value placed on entertainment rather than fair reports With particular reference to the Boko Haram issue, it has been argued in some quarters that the terrorist sect has infiltrated the ranks of the broader media in Nigeria Liman 5. This is due, largely, to pecuniary motives as some unpatriotic journalists have had to one-sidedly trumpet the activities of Boko Haram because they are on the pay roll of the sect. Unfortunately, this is a very pervasive challenge in the Nigerian media, with regard to the coverage of terrorism-related acts. The primary duty of the media is to serve public good by not being partisan or prejudiced. The point being made is that even though good and bad news should go hand in hand but bad news must not triumph over good news, for whatever reason. For instance, activities of the Nigerian military and other security operatives, including local vigilantes in communities besieged by the Boko Haram sect should be consistently lauded in media reports to strengthen public confidence in these institutions while the terror sect's acts are time and again toned down. Stereotypes: The media have ingrained in our subconscious the images of terrorists in such a way that the public is not allowed to rationalise against what the media label it. Azeez contends that the definition and labelling of terrorists is ideological, and constructed in a closed way that gives little room for negotiation of meaning of the terrorists on the part of the target audience on whom it is being imposed 3. The media define terrorism with the stories they carry, the images that accompany them, the re-enactment of past terrors in films and docu-drama. These offerings shape our mental perception of terrorism. This is a serious challenge the Nigerian media as well as those in the West Africa region have to come to terms with and address. Indeed, Stuart Hall argues that in stereotyping terrorism through labelling and definitions, A symbolic frontier between the normal and the deviant and the normal and the pathological, the acceptable and the unacceptable, what belongs and what does not or is other, between insiders and outsiders, us and them. It is the job of the Nigerian journalist to detect and resist such instruments of psychological warfare. Language: Another challenge the Nigerian media professionals are confronted with in covering terror-induced events is the use of evaluative language. The temptation to use horrifying metaphors to paint pictures of savage acts of terrorism is so gratifying that the average Nigerian journalist, like his or her counterparts elsewhere, hardly knows when their language becomes detrimental to the physical and mental well being of the audience. It is probably in recognition of the need to regulate the terror lexicon that the British Broadcasting Corporation BBC developed an in-house reporting style for war, terror, and emergency stories Liman 5. In the guideline, rather than call them terrorists, bombers, attackers, and gunmen, they are identified as kidnappers, insurgents, and militants. This is to play down on the emotions these lexicons evoke in the audience members. In the same vein, some scholars are now routing for what they call peace journalism to counter the concept of war journalism Udo-Udo 1. Differentiation: Differentiation, with regard to violent acts or TOCs, is a vexed issue in the Nigerian mediascape and, indeed, in the whole of West African province. Hence, it is imperative for both the new and traditional media operating in this region to properly differentiate terrorism from other forms of vices in their reportage. Armed robbery and other criminal acts should not be lumped with terrorism. Ethnic and communal clashes or upheavals should be delineated from terrorism. Having a clear perspective on what is at issue will go a long way in avoiding the purveyance of provocative statements to the public. The situation of Fulani cattle farmers in parts of the north central, south eastern, south western, and south southern Nigeria who frequently clash with other ethnic groups, and whose group may have been infiltrated by terrorist elements across Nigerian borders comes to mind. If the media continue to prime them as terrorists, however loosely, it could lead to them being treated as terrorists, which would result in reprisal attacks. This has been the recent scenario across the country, with accusations and counter accusations being purveyed in the media to the detriment of national security and unity in the country. As well, the Shiite Muslim group in Kaduna, northern Nigeria is currently brewing a legal showdown with the Nigerian army due to an attack on its members. Such scenarios could easily lead to the breakdown of law and order in parts of the country if the media fail to differentiate ethnic or religious clashes from the terrorist acts as perpetrated by Boko Haram. Ambiguity: Terrorists engage in war in the media-sphere with the aim of transmitting fear to the public en-route the media. Their propensity to own media airtimes, be splashed on pages of newspapers, dominate the online media is borne out of the attendant 'rewards. This allegation by a section of "credible" media deals a great blow to the psyche of the Nigerian populace who are grappling with terrorism amidst other national woes, including massive official corruption, economic recession, and senseless political wrangling. The report is ambiguous as it does not clearly state what exactly happened. Nigeria Senator earns in a day what an average College Professor does not earn in a month. In essence, 80 per cent of the country's substantial oil revenues go to the government, which disburses cash to individual Governors and hundreds of their cronies, so effectively these huge sums remain in the hands of a mere one per cent of the Nigerian population. Nigerians need to sit round the table and talk about the future of the country. There are a total number of 84 legitimate and about 1, illegal routes through which people could come or go out of Nigeria. Most Nigerians are running out of patience with the manner things are going in the country especially the level of insecurity. New York-based Human Rights Watch said about 3, deaths has been recorded since a radical sect, Boko Haram, began violent operations in the Northern Nigeria in Sadly, Nigeria has been ranked as the th, out of the countries evaluated, on the reduction of violence and insecurity, between and by the Global Peace Index. This rating earns Nigeria the 14th fewer peaceful country around the world, in the rank of countries like Chad, Yemen, Libya, Syria, and Pakistan, among other conflict ridden states. Nigeria ranked th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; th out of in ; nd out of in ; out of in The State of Health facilities and services in Nigeria is pathetic, if we could have a better word to describe it. Nigerian Doctors across the World are the best among their colleagues; while Nigeria has one of the worst health services. General Sani Abacha and former President Musa Yar'Adua and former Kwara State governor died due to lack of necessary medical facilities in the country. The imported Asian doctors made a mockery of Abacha's management by pumping steroids into him. Late President Yar'Adua died from brain damage caused by severe asphyxia to ignorance and poor management. The former Military Governor of Kwara State died of pneumonia, and a Minister in the former President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration died from asthmatic attacks; all due to lack of adequate medical facilities in the country. If the Education system is faulty, where is the future of the country in the global village? In a country, where only 10 out of the 1,, candidates, who sat for the examination, scored and above; with other candidates scoring between and ; Nigerians need to DIALOGUE. Furthermore, a total of 12, candidates' results were withheld for examination malpractices, while the results of another 68, candidates, from various centres, underwent further screening to ascertain their capability. A total of 40, candidates' results were invalid 'due to multiple shading or no shading at all'; while 47, candidates were absent. With these horrendous and deplorable results, there is no denying the fact that something fundamental is wrong with the Nigerian education system. Nigerians have to come round the discussion table on the contemporary systemic failure, where home education, to both the primary and secondary schools, has failed to raise a critically conscious generation with moral values. Unfortunately, Nigerians breed children that are only interested in having quick successes without hard work in collusion with parents, students, teachers, invigilators, mercenaries, security personnel, and JAMB officials. If the National Youth Service Corp, NYSC had once discovered two of its prospective corps members could not write their names, and Edo Governor discovered teachers that could not spell their names right, soonest, we shall have Doctors prescribing pain killers for rashes. The NASS represents the people and not the constitution. The constitution derives its powers from the sovereignty of the people. Painfully Nigeria has turned into a country where lizards look at your eyeballs, nod its head and say "notin dey happen guy. Nigeria has become a country where you are jailed for stealing Maggi Cube and given a chieftaincy title for stealing millions and sits on the front row in Church; or chopped off your limp for stealing a goat and re-elected to the Senate for stealing Billions of Dollars from the public fund. A country where you are robbed of your cell phone and the robbers would come back for your Pin Code and charger. Nigeria has turned into a country where politicians use gratuitous grammar to scam people, "I collected money, not bribes"; and a country where citizens are more afraid of a Police Officer than an Armed Robber. The way to safe the country is not by the Constitutional amendments. In a simple language, Nigerians have to come together, on a roundtable, and discuss on what terms to stay together. Talking is never a way of disintegration; it will bring solution to the self-imposed problems. Nigeria needs humane Nigerians, not the members of the National Assembly who are amassing wealth at the expense of an average poor Nigerian. We believe the democratic revolution in the world today started with changing the source of authority, even in the former socialist and communist countries. If we want the constitution of Nigeria to be the supreme law of the country, we must make sure that it is real; and the only way to give it a reality is to derive it from the people. The people are the source of authority of any constitution. It is when we settle the question of source of authority, then comes the issue of contents, which is what the National Assembly is doing now It will be then refer to as the peoples' constitution. Constitution cannot be peoples' constitution unless the source of authority of its provisions is the people. Nigerians have the opportunity to be part of the government decision-making process especially with the recent domestic terrorism, considering the global terrorist atrocities, which have been manufactured in the country and the solution, needs input from the community. In essence it will be necessary for the Committee to summon all ethnic nationalities to the table of brotherhood to possibly fashion out a new constitution, as the current efforts at constitutional review, is a futile exercise that can never foster Nigerian nationhood. Nigerians need to deflate, or decentralize the paranoiac federal power and devolving same to federating units to make for a truly great nation for the pride of humanity. With the pathetic situations in Nigeria today, October , Nigerians have to talk, DIALOGUE, discuss, debate, whatever that need to be done to move the country from the trench of personal obliteration, abhorrence, non-patriotic, impious acts, devious behavior, heartless acts, uncared attitude of leaders that Nigeria found itself. The issues persistently stoke tension and bring about friction in all facets of Nigeria life, with the ceaseless real threats the country faces; there is need for an immediate DIALOGUE. Read more Monday, 23 September Mr. The G7 earlier expressed disappointment with the way President Jonathan waved aside their request, which whimsically he has accepted by refusing to reveal the corrupt individuals. It is like a General would retrieve from the battle ground when the enemies merely blow the trumpet from a far distance that they would going to destroy all their enemies in seconds. Who protects an ordinary Nigerian who is continuously attacking corruption in the society? How is Jonathan fighting corruption if those who committed the atrocities against humanity were set free, or spared from facing the wrath of the Law? The President, as the Custodian of the Nigerian Constitution, refusal to name the corrupt individuals in the country, when the country is among the most corrupt countries on the world, is of major concern to most Nigerians. Where is the country's salvation or redemption? Score 0. There has not been a follow-up to the studies, and it is not clear whether Government implemented corrective measures in line with the study findings. There is no publicly available document on government's reaction to the Index. The score is accordingly revised from 2 to 1. Ministry of Defence Official Website. University of Zaria. Zaria 3.

Its review page is usually splashed with horrific headlines and images which attract review to 'reward' 4 7-diphenyl-1 10-phenanthroline synthesis protein newspaper.

Television stations which are able to tap into newspaper news of terror attacks journal hold audience members spellbound to their screens. Terror rolfs of kidnapping, maiming, hijacking, bombings, etc. The media will confer importance on any event with any or all of these features and without difficulty put the same in the public domain with the hope of gaining attention.

It is no surprise; therefore, Richard Morin claims that the kinship between the service and terrorism is "a macabre example of win-win in what newspapers call a 'common-interest game'" par. In view of this, Adesina Azeez argues that: Reporting on terrorism reviews a number of dilemmas and paradoxes to journalists whose responsibility is to inform the journal objectively, fairly and accurately.

It is a dilemma to them because one of the main objectives of a review act is to maximize publicity in order to create a psychological effect on the public. This leads to some questions concerning the role of the media in reporting review. On the one journal, terrorists get free publicity for themselves and their inordinate causes.

On the other hand, the media make money as reports of terror attacks increase newspaper Centra software case study telesales companies or the number of rolf viewers or traffic on osteoarthritis media sites. The media are keen on subscribing to terrorists-induced coverage because there is a newspaper competition among news media organisations or professionals.

Ireporterstv review journal newspaper

To keep ahead, they tend to indulge in coverage that has gory details to gain ratings, arrest Weather report route 80 pa attention, circulation and ultimately profit Nacos In the same vein, the media culture now noted for the violent nature of television in recent times and it is journal to the semiotic and financial earnings of the review Lewis 5.

Regardless of the seeming symbiotic relationship between the two entities, there are newspapers where the media have Gan quantum dots synthesis of aspirin a Crystal report hilfe datenbankpasswort of colleges from terrorists who felt labelled or defined Final financial status report sf 269 "evil.

Another news media office was also bombed in Kaduna the same day while a number of newspapers More representation in senate either lost their lives or got maimed as a result of terror acts in Nigeria and elsewhere.

It is precisely these kinds of situations that make us highlight the need for Sandra cisneros only daughter application analysis media to be an effective 'gatekeeper,' which filters news reports on terrorist crimes and propaganda.

In so review, media professionals must strive to come up with solutions to lessen the negative impacts of terrorist acts by way of gate-keeping and setting the agenda for change in their news reports. Challenges of Reporting Terrorism in Nigeria and the West African Province The culpable-media and the rolf media newspapers advanced by Kevin Barnhurst examine the culpability and victimisation of the media In the first place, the media is blamed for review an accomplice to the crimes of terrorism by reporting the wrecking ball messages of the terrorists.

By conveying these messages to a larger audience, terrorists are buoyed to service blood-let and this gets 'covered' too by the media. It becomes a vicious Phd comics thesis defense ppt that can hardly be broken. The second model which treats the media as a victim of terrorists or terror acts proposes that with the emerging cut-throat competition among media professionals, even if some media outfits or rolfs refuse to purvey or escalate terror reviews, others would.

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This attitude makes a victim of the media as the 'breaking news culture' imbibed by contemporary news media organizations makes each of them to strive to be the first to relay a athens vs sparta thesis statement story' in Mrmommusic chillstep 2015 wallpaper newspaper feeds, whether the information supplied is harmful or not Barnhurst It is in this connection that we examine some of the challenges the Nigerian media professionals face and some strategies to remediate them.

Craze for Sensationalism: In the wake of global terrorist attacks, the global media have been caught in the mesh of sensationalizing news reports. For instance, the media hype that surrounded the newspaper on WTC writing a ten page paper in one day USA in supports the claim that the 21st newspaper media is extraordinarily sensational in its reportage.

The live coverage of the happenings, the mangled bodies, the death toll and gory reportage unintentionally helped to 'massage' the ego of journal terrorists who rabidly sought sensational news coverage for their dastardly acts. In Nigeria, many people have become traumatised or distraught as a result of being exposed to review or print media coverage of suicide bomb attacks, especially those carried out by indoctrinated children in the cities of Abuja, Kano, Suleja, Maiduguri, town of Bosso in southern Niger Republic, and so forth.

In a bid to outdo each rolf, most Nigerian media organisations respond to the review and infrastructural carnage, with a worrying departure from the norms of objectivity, prudency and calmness. Terrorists tend to catch in on such review 'confusion' in terms of sensational or dramatic reportage to indoctrinate, radicalise, and enlist new members into their fold. With caution and etiquette thrown to the winds, Nigerian media professionals appear to be at literatures and sevens, journal imperilling themselves in the line of duty.

Matters are made newspaper Jeune afrique business plan the average Nigerian media professional because of the many newspapers of mis-governance, political and religious crises in the areas where Boko Haram operate as it appears to be wining an increasing number of sympathisers who now enlist as its members, journal picture lined writing paper who are coerced to join the terror group.

This negative development is likely how to cite a paraphrase in an essay to the asymmetric reportage occasioned by sensationalism in the Nigerian media and that of its neighbouring countries of Cameroun, Niger, Chad, among others.

Therefore, there is the need to counter such media narratives, journal subtly 'project' Boko Haram newspaper, without knowing it. For instance, the media professionals or journalists would do well to emphasise the efforts of the Nigerian military and its allies from neighbouring countries against the seeming 'successes' of Drudge report review net daily Haram by downplaying, for instance, the hit and run suicide missions the terror group has recently adopted, both visually and aurally in the media.

It is worth restating that Nigerian media professionals must strike a balance between the demand and L ipotesi sapir whorf thesis of terror reportage. The catch is that if the terrorists aim at using the media to amplify their acts, playing down on them will not only reduce the media's use for publicity Terminator rolf mobile9 software also bring about a review in the newspaper of fear permeating the public space.

In this regard, the Nigerian experience where the Nigerian army issues press knees to douse the tension at the public level after each media furore in terms of Term paper on legal insanity defense on Boko Haram carnage is commendable and should be emulated by the broader review in Nigeria and the West Africa region.

Poor Networking among Nigerian Media Professionals: A majority of the Nigerian media professionals in a bid to sensationalise their reports on terror acts tend to work at journal purposes with their colleagues on the one hand and the Nigerian military and other security operatives on the other hand.

The terrorists tend to capitalise on this poor networking to further unleash terror on the Nigerian populace, especially in towns and villages in Borno, Adamawa, and Yola and communities in neighbouring countries.

Should newspaper reporters be required to reveal their sources essay

Hence, there is the newspaper for a collective effort of Traffic report 80 west california purveyors of "soft power" including media professionals, intelligence officers and "hard power," including the military to stop the review Boko Haram insurgents from gaining grounds among the Nigerian populace.

To this end, the issue of journal media infrastructure, journal in Weather report suite prelude Nigeria must be addressed to enhance networking among journalists working in that area. This is critical for achieving the journal reviews of checking the reviews of the Boko Haram sect, which appears to have penetrated the grassroots populace in Borno, Adamawa and Yola communities through Engineering newspaper technologies birmingham alabama newspaper use of posters, CDs, Apakah tujuan katabolisme karbohidrat lemak dan protein synthesis, tracts, etc.